DEAR SIR: I believe Dr. Valentine Seaman of New York, was the first writer who made the mineral waters of Saratoga and Ballston the subject of a special treatise. The first edition of his work was published in 1793, since which time the books and pamphlets which have been published relating to our mineral waters in general, or to particular springs, are almost "too numerous to mention." I presume you can largely supplement the list of titles which I give you below.

An account of Dr. Vandervoort’s experiments with the waters of Ballston was published, according to Seaman, second edition, in 1795. I have never seen Dr. Vandervoort’s paper. Analyses of the Ballston waters were published in 1808, in the Medical Repository , of New York, and Monthly Anthology , of Boston. The Medical Repository for 1804 also contained an account of the springs, furnished by D.B. Warden (author of a Statistical, Political, and Historical Account of the United States, 1819). Dr. Constable, of Schenectady, is said to have visited Saratoga and Ballston about 1770, and pronounced the waters highly medicinal. I do not know where his account of them appeared. In 1783, Dr. Samuel Tenny visited the springs and communicated the result of his observations in a letter to Dr. Joshua Fisher, of Boston, which letter was subsequently published in the Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. II, part I, 1793. Samuel L. Mitchill, LL.D., of New York, visited Saratoga in 1787, and published an account of the springs in the American Magazine . Extracts from his journal, accounts of a variety of "curious experiments" made at the springs, may be found in Dr. Jedediah Morse’s American Geography (second edition, London, 1792).

For the past seventy-five years Saratoga and Ballston have been noticed in encyclopædias, gazetteers, general treatises upon mineral waters, guide-book, and books of travel without number, and much that is interesting to the local historian may be gathered from these sources. In your sketches you have quoted from Theodore Dwight’s Summer Tours an interesting account of Saratoga in 1791, and of Ballston’s early history. Of these places, as they appeared thirty-five years ago, one of the most entertaining accounts is to be found in Buckingham’s Travels in America (Vol. II., pp. 95-118). It seems odd at this day to read that "The Congress Hall is frequented by the most fashionable classes; those who pride themselves on their birth, connection, and breeding, rather than their wealth; and this is consequently the aristocratic or whig house, in which conservative doctrines in politics and religion are most current and acceptable. The United States Hotel is more frequented by the rich mercantile classes, whose wealth makes their importance equal in degree, though differing in its source, to that of the more ancient families; and this is the democratic house. The Union Hall is frequented chiefly by the clergy and religious families, by judges, professors, and grave and elderly people generally; and this is called the religious house"; and that the largest of these "will accommodate three hundred persons"!

Among the curiosities of our local literature should, perhaps, be mentioned your "Chronicles of Saratoga," published in The Onward in 1869, a partly fictitious but no less life-like "Picture of Society at the Springs forty years ago." Have you ever seen The Literary Picture Gallery ? It was issued in numbers of eight pages each, 12mo, under the title of The Literary Picture Gallery and Admonitory Epistles to the Visitors of Ballston Spa, by Simeon Senex, Esquire (Ballston Spa, printed by Miller & Riggs for I. Cook, 1808). The editor was an inveterate punster – a sort of ancient John Paul. Apropos of your recent description of the old sign-board of the "Union Tavern" is the following: (No. IV.) "The celebrated painting of Putnam and the Wolf, of Saratoga, has of late been a subject of animated discussion between an American artist of high celebrity, and a travelled gentleman of New York, well known for his exquisite taste in the fine arts. The connoisseur contends that this admirable piece, exhibiting all the terrible graces of Salvator Rosa, must be the production of some Italian artist of the seventeenth century, and consequently can have no allusion to any adventure of the American hero whose name is inscribed on the picture. Col. T-----, on the contrary, maintains that it is evident from internal marks that the artist can be no other than the illustrious Vander Daub, who came over to this country in the suite of the Dutch Ambassador soon after the peace. Who shall decide where doctors disagree?"

Here is another paragraph from the same number: "The postponement of the ball which was to have been given at Sans Souci on Saturday evening having caused great speculations, we are requested to inform our readers that it was occasioned by the circumstance of Mons. Parissot de Vestris having paid a visit to Congress Spring at Saratoga in the morning!"

Herewith is the promised list. Please notice that it is not intended to be a Bibliography of Saratoga as connected with our Revolutionary history. Local directories, village chargers, and many other publications of a local nature, official and otherwise, are omitted.




Relating to or somewhat prominently noticing Saratoga Springs and Ballston .


ALLEN, R.L. – A Historical, Chemical, and Therapeutical Analysis of the principal Mineral Fountains at Saratoga Springs, together with general directions for their use. By R.L. Allen, M.D., resident and consulting physician. Third edition, revised. Saratoga Springs: B. Huling, 1853. 16mo, pp. 72. The first edition was published in 1844; second, 1848.

ALLEN. – An Analysis of the Principal Mineral Fountains of Saratoga Springs, embracing an account of their history; their chemical and curative properties; together with general directions for their use; also, some remarks upon the natural history and objects of general interest in the County of Saratoga. By R.L. Allen, M.D. New York: Ross & Tousey, 1858. 16mo, pp. 114.

ALLEN. – Hand-Book of Saratoga, and Stranger’s Guide. By R.L. Allen, M.D. New York: W.H. Arthur & Co., 1859. 8vo, pp. 131. The same. Albany: J. Munsell, 1866. 8vo, pp. 147. The same. New York: William L. Stone & Jordan, 1860. 8vo, pp. 141.

An Illustrated Guide to the principal Summer Resorts of the United States, including careful descriptions of the Hudson River, Saratoga Springs, Lakes George and Champlain, the Adirondack Region, Niagara Falls, the St. Lawrence, Long Branch, Cape May, and others. With routes, cost of travel, best hotels, prices, etc., etc. New York: The American and Foreign Publishing Company, 1875. 16mo.

Appleton’s Hand-Book of American Travel, Northern and Eastern Tour. . . . . Being a Guide to the Niagara, the White Mountains, the Alleghanies, the Catskills, the Adirondacks, the Berkshire Hills, the St. Lawrence, Lake Champlain, Lake George, Lake Memphremagog, Saratoga, Newport, Cape May, the Hudson, and other famous localities. . . With Maps and various Skeleton Tours. Revised for summer of 1873, with appendix. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1873. 12mo, pp. 294. See Richards, T.A. – The above is a revision of Mr. Richards’ work, but without his name.

BACHELDER, J.D. – Popular Resorts and How to Reach Them. Containing a brief description of the principal Summer Retreats in the United States and the routes of travel leading to them. By John B. Bachelder. Second edition. Boston: John B. Bachelder, 1874. 8vo, pp. 192.

Ballston Springs. [A Poem.} New York: S. Gould, 1806. 12mo, pp. 46. A copy in the Library of Congress. – Sabin .

BARBER, J.W. and HOWE, H. – Historical Collections of the State of New York, containing a general collection of the most interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical Sketches, Anecdotes, etc., relating to its History and Antiquities, with Geographical Descriptions of every Township in the State. By John W. Barker and Henry Howe. New York: S. Tuttle, 1841. 8vo, pp. 603. Engravings.

BARBER and HOWE. – Pictorial History of the State of New York. Cooperstown, 1846, 8vo. "This is a new title to the Historical Collections." – Sabin .

BATES, G.H. – The Uses and Value of Congress, Empire, and Columbian Waters of Saratoga Springs, in the treatment of various diseases, and as a refreshing beverage, embracing facts and information for the benefit of invalids generally, and visitors at the Springs. New York: Hotchkiss’ Sons. Copyrighted 1866. 32 pp., 3 by 4 ½. Written by G.H. Bates, whose initials are signed to the preface.

BATES. – Uso y Eficacia de las Aguas de los Manantiales de Saratoga llamados Congress, Empire y Columbian, en el Tratamiento de varios Enfermedades, y como bebeda refrescante; tambien hechos e informes en beneficio de los enfermos en general y de los que visiten los manantiales. New York: B.B. Hotchkiss & Co. Copyrighted 1868. 32 pp., 3 by 4 ½. A translation of the above.

BEDORTHA, N. – Practical Medication, or the Invalid’s Guide, with Directions for the Treatment of Disease. By N. Bedortha, N.D., of the Saratoga Water Cure, Saratoga Springs, N.Y. Albany: Munsell & Rowland, 1860. 12mo, pp. 281.

BELL, J. – On Baths and Mineral Waters. In two parts. . . . . By John Bell, M.D., etc. Philadelphia: Henry H. Porter, 1831. 12mo, pp. 532.

BELL. – The Mineral and Thermal Springs of the United States and Canada. BY John Bell, M.D., author of "Baths and Mineral Waters," "Baths and the Watery Regimen," etc. Philadelphia: Parry & McMillan, 1855. 18mo. pp. 394.

BUCKINGHAM, J.S. – America: Historical, Statistic, and Descriptive, By J.S. Buckingham, Esq. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1841. 2 vols., pp. 514, 516, plates. See Chapters IX. and X., Vol. II.

BULKELEY, J.S. – Leading Men and Leading Pursuits of Ballston and Vicinity. With a Sketch of Ballston, Past and Present, by E.R. Mann. {Original text has "Maan".} By J.S. Bulkeley. Ballston Spa, N.Y.: W.S. Waterbury, printer, 1874. 12mo, pp. 48.

BUTLER, B.C. – From New York to Montreal. By B.C. Butler, author of "Lake George and Lake Champlain." New York: American News Company, 1873. 12mo, pp. 155.

CHANDLER, C.F. – Saratoga Seltzer Spring Company. Report on the Saratoga Seltzer Spring, by C.F. Chandler, Ph.D., Professor of Analytical and Applied Chemistry, etc. New York: Wynkoop & Hallenbeck, printers, 1867. 8vo, pp. 12.

CHANDLER. – Lecture on Water, delivered before the American Institute of the City of New York, in the Academy of Music, January 20, 1871. By C.F. Chandler, Ph.D., Professor of Analytical and Applied Chemistry, School of Mines, Columbia College, etc. [Extract from the Transactions of the American Institute for 1870-71.] Albany: The Argus Company, printers, 1871. 8vo, pp. 49.

COLT, S.S. – New York State Illustrated; or, The Tourist’s Guide through the Empire State, from New York by old and new paths to Niagara, embracing all Cities, Towns, and Watering Places, by Hudson River and New York Central Route. Describing all Routes of Travel, and Places of Popular Interest and Resort along the Hudson River, Susquehanna Road, Cooperstown, Sharon, Richfield Springs, Lake George, Lake Champlain, the Adirondacks, Trenton Falls, Saratoga, Niagara Falls, etc. Edited and published by Mrs. S.S. Colt, Albany, N.Y., 1872. 8vo, pp. 196.

CURTIS, G.W. – Lotus-Eating: A Summer Book. By George William Curtis, author of "Nile Notes," "Howadji in Syria," etc. Illustrated by Kensett. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1852. 12mo, pp. 206. Contains a chapter on Saratoga.

DAVISON, G.M. – The Fashionable Tour in 1825. An Excursion to the Springs, Niagara, Quebec, and Boston. Saratoga Springs: G.M. Davison, 1830. 18mo, pp. 169.

DAVISON. – The Traveller’s Tour, and Guide to Travellers through the Northern and Middle States and Canada. G.M. Davison, Saratoga, 1830. 12mo.

DAVISON. – The Traveller’s Guide through the Middle and Northern States and the Provinces of Canada. Sixth edition, enlarged and improved. Saratoga Springs: G.M. Davison, 1824. 18mo, pp. 452. Seventh edition. By G.M. Davison. Saratoga Springs: G.M. Davison, 1837. 18mo, pp. 465. Eighth edition, 1840. 18mo, pp. 395. Map. A valuable guide, by a Saratogian.

DAWSON, C.C. – Saratoga: Its Mineral Waters, and their Use in Preventing and Eradicating Disease, and as a Refreshing Beverage. By C.C. Dawson. New York: Russell Bros., 1868. 16mo. Pp. 64. Reprinted 1871, 1873.

DEARBORN, R.F. – Saratoga and How to See It. Containing a full account of its Mineral Springs and attractions, with numerous illustrations. Saratoga: R.F. Dearborn, 1871. Square 16mo, pp. 70. The same, revised, 1871, pp. 72.

DEARBORN. – Saratoga and How to See It. A complete description of the American Watering Place, by R.F. Dearborn, with steel engravings, photo-plates, and woodcuts. Troy: The Northern News Company, 1872. Square 16mo, pp. 126.

DEARBORN. – Saratoga and How to See It. Containing a description of the Watering Place, with a Treatise on its Mineral Springs. By Dr. R.F. Dearborn. Albany: Weed, Parsons, & Co., printers, 1873. Square 16mo, pp. 181, with many engravings.

DEARBORN. – Saratoga and What is to be Seen There: and Annual Guide, with a Treatise on the Mineral Waters. New York, 1874. 12mo, pp. 72. Copyrighted by R.F. Dearborn.

DEVEAUX, S. – The Traveller’s Own Book to Saratoga Springs, Niagara Falls, and Canada, containing routes, distances, conveyances, expenses, use of mineral waters, baths, description of scenery, etc. A complete guide for the valetudinarian and for the tourist, seeking for pleasure and amusement. With maps and engravings. By S. DeVeaux. Buffalo: Faxon & Read, 1841. 18mo, pp. 258.

DISTURNELL, J. – A Gazetteer of the State of New York: comprising its Topography, Geology, Mineralogical Resources, Civil Divisions, Canals, Railroads, and Public Institutions. . . . . Albany: J. Disturnell, 1842. 8vo, pp. 475, with a township map.

DISTURNELL. – The Northern Traveller; containing the Hudson River Guide and Tour to the Springs, Lake George, and Canada, passing through Lake Champlain. By J. Disturnell. New York, 1844. Two maps.

DISTURNELL. – Disturnell’s Guide through the Middle, Northern, and Eastern States. New York: J. Disturnell, June, 1847. July, 1847, 18mo, pp. 80, map; January, 1848, 18mo, pp. 79.

DISTURNELL. – Railroad, Steamboat, and Telegraph Book, being a Guide through the Middle, Northern, and Eastern States, and Canada, etc. New York: J. Disturnell, 1850. 18mo, pp. 108, map. The same, 1855, 18mo, pp. 108; 1865, sq. 18mo, pp. --.

DISTURNELL. – Springs, Waterfalls, Sea-Bathing Resorts, and Mountain Scenery of the United States and Canada; giving an Analysis of the principal Mineral Springs, with a brief description of the most fashionable watering places, mountain resorts, etc., with illustrations. New York: Published by J. Disturnell, 1855. 18mo, pp. 227.

DISTURNELL. – The Picturesque Tourist: being a Guide through the State of New York and Upper and Lower Canada, including a Hudson River Guide; giving an accurate description of Cities and Villages, celebrated places of resort, etc., with maps and illustrations. New York: Published by J. Disturnell. 16mo, pp. 298. Copyrighted 1858.

DWIGHT, THEODORE. – The Northern Traveller; containing the routes to Niagara, Quebec, and the Springs; with descriptions of the principal scenes, and useful hints to strangers. With maps and copperplates. New York: Wilder & Campbell, 1825. 18mo, pp. 222. Third edition, New York: G. & C. Carvill, 1828. Sixth edition, New York: J.P. Haven, 1841. 18mo, pp. 250, 17 maps. This work devotes more than usual space to Saratoga and Ballston.

DWIGHT. – Summer Tours, or Notes of Traveller through some of the Middle and Northern States. By Theodore Dwight. Second edition. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1847. 12mo, pp. 252.

DWIGHT. – Travels in New England and New York. By Timothy Dwight, S.T.D., LL.D., late President of Yale College. New Haven: T. Dwight, 1821, 1822. 4 vols. 8vo, pp. 524, 527, 534, 527, maps. Reprinted, London: Baynes, 1823. 4 vols., 8vo. Vol. 3 contains sketches of Saratoga and Ballston.

EMMONS, E. – The Empire Spring, its Composition and Medical Uses, together with a notice of the Mineral Waters of Saratoga, and those of other parts of New York. By E. Emmons, M.D. Albany: C. Van Benthuysen, 1849. 16mo, pp. 36.

ENDICOTT, G. – Endicott’s Pictures of Saratoga for 1843. Containing thirteen accurate views, from original drawings, of the principal buildings and places of the village, with a brief description of each. Respectfully dedicated to the Visitors of the Springs. New York: G. Endicott, 1843. 13 views; pages 12 by 17; 2 pp. letter-press.

GILMAN, C. – The Poetry of Travelling in the United States. By Caroline Gilman. . . . . New York: S. Coleman, 1838. 12mo, pp. 430. Saratoga and Saratoga Lake are pleasantly described in this volume, and the lake is the subject of a poem.

GORDON, T.F. – Gazetteer of the State of New York: comprehending its Colonial History, General Geography, Geology, and Internal Improvements; its Political State; a minute description of its several counties, towns, villages; statistical tables, etc., with a Map of the State and a Map of each County, and Plans of the Cities and Principal Villages. By Thomas F. Gordon. Philadelphia: Printed for the Author by T.K. & R.G. Collins, 1836. 8vo, pp. xii., 801.

HOLLEY, O.L. – A Gazetteer of the State of New York. Albany: J. Disturnell, 1842. 12mo, pp. 475, map.

HOLLEY. – The Picturesque Tourist; being a Guide through the Northern and Eastern States and Canada; giving an accurate description of cities and villages, celebrated places of resort, etc., with maps and illustrations. Edited by O.L. Holley. New York: J. Disturnell, 1844.

KIRKMAN’S Saratoga Guide, and Magazine of Fashion and Gossip. Issued in numbers, folio, 1871, and the set (8 numbers, 4 pp. each) issued as Kirkman’s Saratoga Gossip, complete for the season of 1871.

LATROBE, C.J. – The Rambler in North America, 1832-1833. By Charles Joseph Latrobe. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1835. 2 vols., 12mo, pp. 243, 242. See Letter IV.

MACAULAY, J. – The National, Statistical, and Civil History of the State of New York. New York: Gould & Barnes. Albany: William Gould & CO., 1829. 3 vols., 8vo, pp. 24, 534, 14, 459, 16, 451. Vol. I. (Chap. IX.) contains an extended account of the mineral springs of the State, with analyses; Vol. II. (Chaps. I. And III.) affords descriptions of Saratoga County and of the villages of Saratoga Springs and Ballston; Vol. III. give some account of their settlement, etc.

McGUIRE, HENRY. – A Concise History of High Rock Spring, and the Natural History of the Mineral Fountains of Saratoga. By Henry McGuire. Albany: C. Van Benthuysen & Sons, 1841. 16mo, pp. 42.

McLAREN, D. – The Pavilion Fountain at Saratoga. By D. McLaren. New York: Thompson & Hart, 1841. Small 12mo, pp. 42.

McQUILL, THURSTY ( pseudon .) – The Hudson River by Daylight. New York to Albany, Saratoga Springs, Lake George, Lake Champlain, Plattsburg, the Adirondacks, Montreal, The Thousand Islands, Niagara Falls, Watkins’ Glen, Richfield Springs, Cooperstown, Sharon, Howe’s Cave, the Green Mountains, Manchester, Middleton, and Lebanon Springs. By "Thursty McQuill." New York: John Featherstone, 1874. Square 12mo, pp. 168.

The author of this valuable guide is Mr. Wallace Bruce, of Poughkeepsie, N.Y.

MEADE, W. – An Experimental Enquiry into the Chemical Properties and Medicinal Qualities of the principal Mineral Waters of Ballston and Saratoga, in the State of New York, with Directions for the use of those Waters in the Various Diseases to which they are applicable, and observations on Diet and Regimen. To which is added an appendix, containing a chemical analysis of the Lebanon Spring, in the State of New York. By William Meade, M.D., member, etc. Philadelphia: Harrison Hall, 1817. 8vo, pp. xv., 195, with views on steel of Ballston Springs and Congress Spring.

MEEKER, J. – An Inaugural Dissertation on the Principal Mineral Waters of the States of New York and New Jersey, submitted to the Rev. John H. Livingston, SS.T.P., President and the Trustee of Queen’s College, in New Jersey, and to the Professors of the Medical Institution of the State of New York, constituting the Medical Faculty of the same for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine. By John Meeker, Licentiate in Physic, and Vice-President of the Hygeian Society of New York. On the 26 th of September, 1815. New York: 1815. 8vo, pp. 37. The mineral waters of Ballston and Saratoga, and especially of Congress Spring, are principally treated of in this Dissertation.

MELISH, J. – Travels in the United States of America in the years of 1806 and 1807, and 1809, 1810, and 1811. . . . . . By John Melish. Philadelphia: Printed for the Author by T. & G. Palmer, 1812. 2 vols. 8vo, xxii., 444, maps; xi., 492, maps. Chap. XLVII. contains a description of Ballston.

MOORMAN, J.J. – The Mineral Waters of the United States and Canada, with a Map and Plates, and general directions for reaching Mineral Springs. By J.J. Moorman, M.D. Baltimore: Kelly & Piet, 1867. 12mo, pp. 507.

MORFORD, H. – Morford’s Short Trip Guide to America (United States and Dominion of Canada). By Henry Morford. . . . . . New York: Sheldon & Co.; London: W.H. Smith & Son and S. French. 12mo, pp. 329. Copyrighted in U.S., 1873.

MURAT, A. – A Moral and Political Sketch of the United States of North America. By Achille Murat. . . . . . London: Effingham Wilson, 1813. 8vo, pp. xxxix., 402, map. The author has something to say of life at Saratoga in his chapter on "Manners, Fine Arts, and Literature." (Letter Tenth.)

MURRAY, C.A. – Travels in North America during the years 1834, 1835, and 1836. . . . . . By the Hon. Charles Augustus Murray. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1839. 2 vols. 12mo, pp. 324, 247. See Chap. V.

NICHOLS, T.L. – Forty Years of American Life. By Dr. Thomas L. Nichols. London: John Maxwell & Company, 1864, 2 vols. 8vo, pp. xii., 408; xi., 368. See Chap. XXXI., on "American Recreations and Amusements."

NORTH, M.L. – Saratoga Waters; or, the Invalid at Saratoga. By M.L. North, N.D., a resident physician. Second edition, with the analyses of various mineral springs. New York: Saxton & Miles, 1843. 16mo, pp. 72. The first edition of this work was published in 1841.

NORTH. – North’s Guide for Invalids. Analysis of Saratoga Waters; also of Sharon, Avon, Virginia, and other mineral waters of the United States, with directions for invalids. By M.L. North, a resident physician at Saratoga. Fourth edition, New York: Saxton & Miles, 1846. 16mo, pp. 72.

NORTH. – Book of the Spring. Title-page and contents same as above. Seventh edition, with an appendix. Saratoga Springs: B. Huling, 1858. 16mo, pp. 72.

Osgood’s Middle States. – The Middle States: A Hand-Book for Travellers. A Guide to the Chief Cities and Popular Resorts of the Middle States, and to their Scenery and Historic Attractions; with the Northern Frontier from Niagara Falls to Montreal; also, Baltimore, Washington, and North Virginia, with Seven Maps and fifteen Plans. Boston: James Osgood & Company, 1874. 16mo, pp. xvi., 469. This work contains a map of Saratoga, with notices of the Springs, etc.

Our Summer Retreats. – A Hand-Book to all the Chief Waterfalls, Springs, Mountain and Seaside Resorts, and other Places of Interest in the United States. With views taken from sketches by Washington Friend, Esq., and from photographs. New York: T. Nelson & Sons, 1858. 16mo, pp. 64.

PAUL, JOHN ( pseudon .) – John Paul’s Book: Moral and Instructive: Consisting of Travels, Tales, Poetry and like Fabrications. By John Paul, author of "Liffith Lank," "St. Twel’mo," and other works too humorous to mention. With several portraits of the author, and other spirited engravings. Hartford Conn., and Chicago, Ill.: Columbian Book Company, 1874. 8vo, pp. 621. The New York Tribune has been noted as a scientific and educational newspaper ever since it gave to the world the remarkable series of Saratoga letters from "John Paul" (Mr. Charles H. Webb), now forming a part of this volume.

PECK, W.B. and C.E. – Peck’s Tourists’ Companion to Niagara Falls, Saratoga Springs, the Lakes, etc. Buffalo, 1850. 12mo, pp. --.

PERKINS, ELI ( pseudon .) – Saratoga in 1901. By Eli Perkins. Illustrated by 200 photo-etchings by Arthur Lumley. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1872. 12mo, pp. 249.

POWER, T. – Impressions of America during the Years 1833, 1834, and 1835. By Tyrone Power. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blanchard, 1836. 2 vols., 12mo, pp. 262, 219. See the last Chap. Of Vol. I.

RICHARDS, T.A. – Appleton’s Illustrated Hand-Book of American Travel. A full and reliable Guide by Railway, Steamboat and State, to the Cities, Towns, Waterfalls, Battle-fields, Mountains, Rivers, Lakes, Hunting and Fishing Grounds, Watering Places, Summer Resorts, and all scenes and objects of importance and interest in the United States and the British Provinces. By T. Addison Richards, with careful maps of all parts of the country, and pictures of famous Places and Scenes, from original drawings by the author and other artists. . . . New York: D. Appleton & Co. 12mo, pp. 412. Copyrighted 1857. The same, for the Eastern and Middle States. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 12mo, pp. 216.

RICHARDS. – Miller’s Guide to Saratoga Springs and Vicinity. Illustrated. By T. Addison Richards. New York: James Miller, 1871. 12mo., pp. 91. Copyrighted, 1865.

SEAMAN, V. – A Dissertation on the Mineral Waters of Saratoga; containing a topographical description of the country, and the situation of the several Springs; an analysis of the waters, as made upon the spot, together with remarks on their use in medicine, and a conjecture respecting their natural mode of formation; also a method of making an artificial mineral water resembling that of Saratoga, both in sensible qualities and in medicinal virtue. By Valentine Seaman, M.D., Physician in the City of New York. New York: Printed by Samuel Campbell, No. 37 Hanover Square, 1793. 8vo pamphlet, pp. 40. The Dedication of this work to Chancellor Livingston is dated 1 st mo., 1 st , 1793. The Dissertation was probably written in 1792 or earlier, and it is said to have been first read as a Thesis at Columbia College.

SEAMAN. – A Dissertation on the Mineral Waters of Saratoga; including an account of the waters of Ballston. Second edition, enlarged. By Valentine Seaman, M.D., one of the Surgeons of the New York Hospital. New York: Printed and sold by Collins & Perkins, No. 189 Pearl Street, 1809. 12mo, pp. 131, with map.

SEARS, R. – A Poem on the Mineral Waters of Ballston and Saratoga, with Notes illustrating the history of the Springs and adjacent country. By Reuben Sears, A.M., Ballston Spa: Published by the Author. J. Comstock, Printer. 1819, 16mo, pp. 108.

SHEPHERD, D. – Saratoga. A Story of 1787. New York: W.P. Fetridge & Co., 1856, 12mo, cloth, pp. 400. This book was written by the late Daniel Shepherd, of Saratoga, whose name appears in the notice of copyright. In the preface the author says: "For all artistic purposes, whatever might be true is true; and this book is presented to the public as a faithful though, of course, an incomplete picture of Saratoga in 1787."

SMITH, J.C. – The Illustrated Hand-Book, a new Guide for Travellers through the United States of America: containing a description of the states, cities, towns, villages, watering-places, colleges, etc., etc. . . . Embellished with one hundred and twenty-five highly-finished engravings. Accompanied by a large and accurate map. By J. Calvin Smith. New York: Sherman & Smith, 1846. 18mo, pp. 233.

SOMBRE, SAMUEL ( pseudon .) – Aquarelles; or, Summer Sketches. By Samuel Sombre. New York: Stanford & Delisser, 1858. 12mo, pp. 95. Contains a lengthy poem entitled Saratoga.

SPARKLE, SOPHIE ( pseudon .) – Sparkles from Saratoga. By Sophie Sparkle. New York: American News CO., 1873. 12mo, pp. 340.

SPAFFORD, H.G. – A Gazetteer of the State of New York: embracing an ample survey and description of its counties, towns, cities, villages, canals, mountains, lakes, rivers, creeks, and Natural Topography. . . . By Horatio Gates Spafford, LL.D. Albany: B.D. Packard, 1824. 8vo, pp. 620. Mr. Spafford’s first New Gazetteer was issued in 1813. Albany: H.C. Southwick. 8vo, pp. 334, with an appendix and maps.

STANSBURY, P. – A Pedestrian Tour of Two Thousand Three Hundred Miles in North America. . . . . Performed by the author in the autumn of 1821. Embellished with views. By P. Stansbury. New York: J.D. Myers & W. Smith, 1822. 12mo, pp. 274. See Chap. II. for a very good description of Saratoga and Ballston.

STEEL, J.H. – An Analysis of the Mineral Waters of Saratoga and Ballston, with practical remarks on their use in various diseases, containing observations on the Geology and Mineralogy of the surrounding country, with a geological map. Second edition, enlarged and improved. By Dr. John H. Steel, resident at the Springs, President of the Saratoga Medical Society, etc. Albany: D. Steele, 1819. 18mo, pp. 118, with map. The first edition of this work was published in 1817. This work with precisely the same title, and still called the "Second edition, enlarged and improved," was reprinted at Saratoga Springs, by G.M. Davison, 1828. 18mo, pp. 118.

STEEL. – An Analysis of the Mineral Waters of Saratoga and Ballston, with practical remarks on their medical properties; together with a History of the discovery and settlement of these celebrated Watering Places and observations on the Geology and Mineralogy of the surrounding country. By John H. Steel, M.D. An entire new work. Saratoga Springs: G.M. Davison, 1831. 12mo, pp. xii., 203. Second edition, with preface by publisher, 1838.

STEEL. – An Analysis of the Congress Spring, with practical remarks on its Medical Properties. By John H. Steel, M.D. Revised and corrected by John L. Perry, M.D., Saratoga Springs: G.M. Davison, 1847. 16mo, pp. iv., 34. The same, New York: Wm. W. Rose, 1856, pp. iv., 34. The same, New York, 1860.

STEEL. – A Report on the Geological Structure of Saratoga, N.Y. . . . . . By John H. Steel. Saratoga Springs, 1822, 8vo. A copy in the New York Historical Society’s Library.

STODDARD, S.R. – Lake George. Illustrated. Saratoga, Luzerne, and Schroon Lake. By S.R. Stoddard. Third edition. Albany: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1874. 12mo, pp. 195.

STONE, W.L. – The Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, Bart. By William L. Stone. Albany: J. Munsell, 1865, 2 vols., 8vo, pp. xv., 555; xv., 554. Contains an account of Sir William Johnson’s visit to the Springs in 1767.

STONE. – Saratoga Springs: being a complete Guide to the Mineral Springs, Hotels, Drives, and all points of interest around and in the immediate vicinity of this celebrated watering place. By William L. Stone, author of the "Life and Times of Sir W. Johnson, Bart." Views taken on the spot by William Gellatly. New York: T. Nelson & Sons, 1866. 12mo, pp. 32.

STUART, J. – Three Years in North America. By James Stuart, Esq., From the second London edition. New York: J. & J. Harper, 1833. 2 vols., 12mo, pp. 334, 337. See Chap. X.

The Englishman’s Illustrated Guide-Book to the United States and Canada. London: Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer, 1874. 12mo, pp. 262.

The Tourist, or Pocket Manual for Travellers on the Hudson River, the Western Canal and Stage Road to Niagara Falls, down Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence to Montreal and Quebec; comprising also the routes to Lebanon, Ballston, and Saratoga Springs. Fourth edition, enlarged and improved. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1835. 16mo, pp. 106, with map.

The Tourist, or Pocket Manual for Travellers on the Hudson River, the Western and Northern Canals and Railroads; the Stage Routes to Niagara Falls, and down Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence to Montreal and Quebec. Comprising also the routes to Lebanon, Ballston and Saratoga Springs, with many new and interesting details. Sixth edition. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1839. 16mo, pp. 108.

The Traveller’s Guide to the Hudson River, Saratoga Springs, Lake George, Falls of Niagara and Thousand Islands, Montreal, Quebec, and the Saguenay River; also to the Green and White Mountains, and other parts of New England, etc. New York: American News Company, 1864. 16mo, pp. 324, with maps and illustrations.

TUDOR, H. – Narrative of a Tour in North America. . . . . . In a Series of Letters, written in the year 1831-2. By Henry Tudor, Esq., Barrister-at-Law. London: James Duncan, 1834. 2 vols., 8vo, pp. xix., 468; x., 458. See Letter VIII.

WALTON, G.E. – The Mineral Springs of the United States and Canada, with Analyses and Notes on the Prominent Spas of Europe, and a List of Seaside Resorts. By Geo. E. Walton, M.D., New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1873. 12mo, pp. 390 with map. Second edition, revised and enlarged, 1874. 12mo, pp. 414, with map.

WALWORTH, R.H. {Original text has "R.W.".} – The Use of Congress Water in Cholera. Letter of the late Chancellor Walworth, of New York, containing much valuable information, derived from his experiences during the ravages of this disease in 1832, and all its subsequent visits to this country. Addressed to and published in the Albany Argus of April 23, 1866. Second pamphleted. New York: Russell Bros., 1872. 24mo., pp. 24.

WATSON, W.C. – Men and Times of the Revolution; or, Memoirs of Elkanah Watson, including Journals of Travels in Europe and America from 1777 to 1842, with his Correspondence with Public Men, and Reminiscences and Incidents of the Revolution. Edited by his son, Winslow C. Watson. New York: Dana & Company, 1856. 8vo, pp. 460. Contains accounts of the visits of Elkanah Watson to Saratoga and Ballston in 1790 and 1805.

WATSON, J.F. – Historic Tales of Olden Time, concerning the early settlement and advancement of New York City and State. By John F. Watson. New York: Collins & Hanney, 1822. 12mo, pp. 214, plates.

WATSON. – Annals and Occurrences of New York City and State in the Olden Time: being a collection of Memoirs, Anecdotes and Incidents concerning the City, County, and Inhabitants, from the days of the founders. Intended to preserve the recollections of olden times, and to exhibit society in its changes of manners and customs, and the city and country in their local changes and improvements. In two books – one volume, octavo, embellished with pictorial illustrations. By John F. Watson. Philadelphia: Henry F. Anners, 1846. 8vo, pp. 390.

WELD, I. – Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, during the years 1795, 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. Fourth edition. London: Printed for John Stockdale, 1800. 8vo, pp. 552, plates. Gives some account of the "Singular Mineral Springs near Saratoga," Letter XX.

WILLIS, N.P. – American Scenery; or, Land, Lake, and River. Illustrations of Transatlantic Nature. From Drawings by W.H. Bartlett. The Literary Department by N.P. Willis. London and New York: George Virtue. 4to, 2 vols., pp. 140, 146. Contains four steel views of Saratoga and Ballston scenery, with descriptions by Willis. The work was first published in 1838-40.

WILLIS. – The Prose Works of N.P. Willis. New edition, in one volume. Philadelphia: Henry C. Baird, 1855. Royal 8vo, pp. 798. Contains the "Ghost Ball at Congress Hall" (Dashes at Life with a Free Pencil), and various letters from or notices of Saratoga (Ephemera).



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