Surrender of General Burgoyne
By John Trumbull, 1821
Courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol
Heritage Hunters is proud to have this national park as part of our rich historical tradition in Saratoga County. The park commemorates the two battles fought there during the Revolutionary War. Of these two battles of Saratoga, known as the Battles of Freeman's Farm, Bemis Heights or Stillwater, the second battle was the first great victory of the Americans and was deemed by many historians to be the turning point of the Revolutionary War.
The British campaign was designed to split the colonies by taking control of the Hudson River. General John Burgoyne was to advance south from Canada, General Barry St. Leger east along the Mohawk River and Sir Henry Clinton (replacing Sir William Howe) north from New York City. Neither St. Leger nor Clinton was successful, leaving Burgoyne's forces alone in the campaign. Burgoyne easily took Fort Ticonderoga but suffered a stinging defeat in an attempted raid on Bennington.
Burgoyne continued south, crossing the Hudson River on September 13, 1777, halting near the Saratoga site of what is now the village of Schuylerville. The Americans, under the leadership of General Horatio Gates, assisted by Major Generals Benedict Arnold and Benjamin Lincoln, Colonel Daniel Morgan's corp of Indian fighters, and other Continental and Militia troops were entrenched at Bemis Heights. With American forces threatening his rear, Burgoyne attempted to break through on September 19th but the engagement was indecisive. He attempted a second breakthrough on October 7th, but was repulsed and forced to retreat eight miles back to old Saratoga. The British entrenched there, but surrounded by American forces and low on supplies, were forced to surrender on October 17th.
The Saratoga National Historical Park has amassed a wealth of documents relating to this period and has graciously allowed Heritage Hunters volunteers to examine, evaluate, and record for our SaratogaCoWebPage, information regarding those who fought there on the American side. The Park Superintendent, Frank Dean, has appointed Rangers Gina Johnson and Eric Schnitzer to function in liaison with Heritage Hunters and they are providing valuable guidance in this research.
These records have been developed from various reference materials developed and maintained by National Park personnel and volunteers. We have also been able to utilize reference materials maintained by others across the country who have been generous in their contribution of additional information. The "Ref." listed with each record provides reference information. For these references see below this foreword or use the link under the index above. Persons are included who were at or in support of the engagements between the date of the first battle and the surrender of Burgoyne.
Heritage Hunters volunteers have spent many hours scrutinizing these documents, including some very old handwritten records, to develop the information below. Those volunteers include Fletcher Blanchard, Karen Clark, John Paris and others. Harold Howe spent considerable time researching and organizing this project. Frank Goodway has edited the data into a web page format and he and Fletcher Blanchard have provided additional information from other sources. Carol Farrell and Kara Phillips are also helping enter new information. Pat Peck is providing editing for the files.
A major source for information about New Yorkers at the battles has been Donald E. Lampson. He has furnished materials about the 2nd and 4th NY Continental Line regiments (cited as NY04) and has put together a large compilation of pensions, payroll and lists regarding the 10th Albany Militia regiment (cited as DL01). His contribution is greatly appreciated. The materials he has provided have turned over to the Saratoga National Park.
Considerable effort was spent to assure that the records on these pages, which came from more than 100 different sources, represent an accurate account of the participants in the battles of Saratoga. Some records state clearly that the participant was indeed present, but many require interpretation to arrive at this conclusion. In the case of a soldier, his membership in a Company and Regiment known to have been at the battles, muster rolls, pay accounts, enlistment dates and periods, appointment dates; all provide evidence to evaluate.
As an example, One of the largest record sources has been (MA01), "Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution," originally published (Boston, 1896). Many of these records include Co., Regt. and pay periods that infer participation and others give different qualifying information.
While the inclusion of the militia regiments was straightforward, in (MA01) there were 15 continental line regiments at the battles whose records do not specifically list Saratoga battles information. However, the National Archives confirm that the persons included were there during the battle dates.
In addition, some participants are listed as being in a Colonel's, Lieut. Colonel's or Major's company. These types of companies did not exist until after the battles, but they are preserved as part of the original record. Additional information in each record usually indicates who the Captain was in 1777.
As with any such project, please consider this a "work in progress." We would appreciate learning of any errors or omissions and would be pleased to correct or augment any of these records with new valid information. Please direct such information to:
AN01 - Family tree records from Ancestry.com. AP01 - Wilson, James Grant and John Fiske, ed.; "Appleton's Encyclopedia of American Biography;" D. Appleton and Company; (New York 1887-1900) AR01 - "The American Revolutionary War," from myrevolutionarywar.com AS01 - Ashfield Vital Records, page 173; Ashfield, MA AS02 - Trowbridge, Francis B.; "The Ashley Genealogy;" Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor; (New Haven CT 1896) BA01 - Baldwin, Thomas William, ed.; "The Revolutionary Journal of Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin;" Published for the DeBurrians; (Bangor, ME 1906) BE01 - Best, Frank E., compiler; "John Keep of Longmeadow, Massachusetts, 1660 - 1676 and his Descendants;" (Chicago, IL 1899) BO01 - Boardman, Oliver; "Journal of Oliver Boardman of Middletown, 1777 Burgoyne's Surrender;" Collections, Connecticut Historical Society, VII; (Hartford, CT, 1899) BR01 - Brandt, Clare; "An American Aristocracy - the Livingstons;" Doubleday & Company Inc.; (Garden City, NY 1986). BR02 - Brown, Alexander; "The Cabells and their Kin;" Garrett and Massie; (Richmond, Va 1939). BU01 - The Burroughs Family of Newtown, N.Y.; a website by Steven J. Warling. URL: http://members.cox.net/swarling/burroughs/newtown000t.htm#toc0 BY01 - Bye, Eric A, "The Legacy of Simeon Cobb;" Muzzle Blasts Online, Vol. 4, No. 5.; December/January 2000 CO01 - Collins, Richard and Lewis; "History of Kentucky;" (20 Sep 1972) CO02 - Hatch, Charles; "Genealogy of the descendants of Anthony Collamer of Scituate, Massachusetts;" Newcomb & Gauss; (Salem, MA 1915) CT01 - Johnston, Henry P., ed.; "The Record of Connecticut Men in the Military and Naval Service During the War of the Revolution, 1775 - 1783;" (Hartford CT, 1889) CT02 - Connecticut Military Records - various handwritten documents CU01 - Cushman, George H.; "Genealogy of the Descendants of John Gill of Salisbury;" Library of the New England Historical Genealogical Society. DA01 - Lineage Books of the Charter Members of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution; Daughters of the American Revolution: (Washington, DC, various years) DA02 - DAR Patriot Index, Daughters of the American Revolution, Washington DC, 1966 DA03 - Dann, John C., ed.; "The Revolution Remembered;" University of Chicago Press; (1980) DE01 - Deming, Judson Keith ed.; "Genealogy of the Descendants of John Deming of Wethersfield, Ct.;" (Dubuque, Iowa, 1904) DI01 - "Dictionary of American Biography;" Edited by Allen Johnson & Dumas Malone; Charles Scribner's Sons; (New York, 1930) DL01 - Lampson, Donald E.; "10th Albany Militia Regiment, Research Material of Donald E. Lampson;" privately published, (Delray Beach, Florida, 2001) DR01 - Draper, Thomas Wain-Morgan; "The Bemis History and Genealogy;" (San Francisco, CA, 1900) EN01 - The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 4th edition; Columbia University Press, (New York, NY, 1975) EN02 - The Encyclopedia Americana, 1952 edition; Americana Corporation; (New York, Chicago, 1952) FA01 - FamilySearch.org records from Church of Latter Day Saints. FI01 - Fisher, Elijah; "Elijah Fisher's Journal;" Badger and Manley; (1880) FI02 - Fischer, David Hackett; "Paul Revere's Ride;" Oxford University Press; (New York, 1994) FI03 - Find-a-grave.com on the Internet FL01 - Flint, John and Stone, John H.; "A Genealogical Register of the Descendants of Thomas Flint of Salem;" Warren F. Draper, (Andover, 1860) FU01 - Furneaux, Rupert; "The Battle of Saratoga;" Stein and Day; (New York 1971) GE01 - George, Keith H.; "George Genealogy," published 1991 GE02 - Various genealogy sites available through Google GI01 - Gile, John C.; "Guile - Gile - Guiles Genealogy;" (1997) GI02 - Gilbert, Kevin; "Famous New Yorkers, volume Five January 2007" New York Newspaper Publishers Association, presented by the Post-Star Newspapers-in-Education Program GO01 - Gold, Nathan; "History of Colonel Edmund Phinney's Thirty-first Regiment of Foot," Thurston Print, (Portland, Maine, 1896) HA01 - Hagan, Edward A.; "War in Schohary(sic), 1777 - 1783," Middleburgh News Press, (Middleburgh, NY 1980) HA02 - Harwood, Andrew, M.D.; "A Genealogical History of the Harwood Families, descended from Andrew Harwood;" Third Edition; (Chasm Falls, NY 1911) HE01 - Heitman, Francis B.; "Historic Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution;" Rare Book Shop Publishing Co., (Washington, DC 1914) HI01 - Hitchcock, Enos; "Diary of Enos Hitchcock, D.D., A Chaplain in the Revolutionary War;" Publications, Rhode Island Historical Society; (1899 and 1900, edited by William B. Weeden) HO01 - Holtzclaw, B. C.; "Ancestry and Descendants of the Nassau-Siegen Immigrants to Virginia 1714-1750." HU01 - Hurlbut, Henry H.; "The Hurlbut Genealogy or record of the Descendants of Thomas Hurlbut"; published by Joel Munsell's Sons; (Albany, NY 1888) HW01 = "History of Wilbraham, Massachusetts"; Charles Merrick; (pub. 1963. JA01 - Jacobus, Donald Lines and Waterman, Edgar Francis; "Hale, House and Related Families -- Mainly of the Connecticut River Valley;" Connecticut Historical Society., 1952. JO01 - Johnson, Rossiter, ed.; "The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans;" The Biographical Society; (Boston MA, 1904). KE01 - Ketchum, Richard M.; "Saratoga - Turning Point of America's Revolutionary War;" Henry Holt and Company, (New York, 1997) KI01 - Kimball, E. A.; "The Peaslees and others of Haverhill and Vicinity;" Press of Chase Brothers, (Haverhill, Mass 1899) LY01 - Lyon, Waldo B.; Middlesex Chapter of the Mass. Soc. of Genealogists; and the New England Historic Genealogical Society MA01 - Massachusetts Commonwealth; Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution (17 vols); Wright and Potter Printing Co., (Boston, 1896); Additional information can be found at the New York State Library, CMA callnum: 973.3444 qA2. MA02 - May, Samuel P.; "The Descendants of Richard Sares (Sears) of Yarmouth, Mass. 1638-1888;" Joel Munsell's Sons (Albany, NY, 1890) MC01 - McClure, Daniel E., Jr.; "Two Centuries in Elizabethtown and Hardin County, Kentucky." MC02 - McLellan, Hugh D.; "History of Gorham ME;" compiled and edited by his daughter, Katharine B. Lewis; Smith & Sale, Printers (Portland Me, 1903) MI01 - Minnis, M. Lee; "The First Virginia Regiment of Foot 1775-1783;" Willow Bend Books; (Leesburg VA, 1998) MO01 - Col. Daniel Morgan's regimental payroll records, Saratoga National Park Archives. MO02 - Morrissey, Brendan; "Saratoga 1777 Turning Point of a Revolution;" Praeger Illustrated Military History Series; (Westport CT 2004) NA01 - National Archives; compiled pension records. (Washington, DC) NA02 - National Archives; M246 series of payroll and roster records. NA03 - National Archives; M881 series of compiled payroll records of soldiers who served in the American army during the Revolutionary War. NE01 - New England Historic and Genealogical Society; "New England Historic and Genealogical Register, vol. 2;" (Boston, MA, July 1948) NH01 - D. Hamilton Hurd, ed.; "History of Marlow, NH;" (1886) NH02 - "The State of New Hampshire - Rolls of the Soldiers of the Revolutionary War, May 1777 to 1780." copied and edited by Isaac W. Hammond, A.M. Parsons, B. Cogsvell, (State Printer Concord NH 1886) NH03 - State of New Hampshire; "Rolls and Documents Relating to Soldiers in the Revolutionary War;" compiled and edited by Isaac W. Hammond, (Concord NH 1855) NH04 - "New Hampshire Revolutionary War Index;" published by AccessGenealogy.com NH05 - "Documents and Records relating to New Hampshire;" compiled and edited by Nathaniel Bouton, DD; (Concord NH 1877), Edward A. Jenks, State Printer NH06 - "Documents relating to Towns in New Hampshire;" compiled and edited by Isaac W. Hammond. (Concord NH 1882), Parsons B. Cogswell, State Printer NH07 - "Revolutionary War Rolls of the New Hampshire State Papers;" compiled by Dr. Frank C. Meyers (1893); Heritage Books Inc. (pub. 1993) NH08 - "Who Was Who of Hanover, NH;" Terry J. Miller, (1980) NY01 - New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, (July 1910) NY02 - New York Public Library; Philip Schuyler Papers NY03 - NYS Comptroller, James A Roberts; "New York in the Revolution, 2nd Edition;" Press of Brandow Printing Co.; (Albany NY 1898) NY04 - New York State Archives, Board of Regents, by Berthold Fernow; "New York in the Revolution;" Weeds, Parsons and Company (Albany NY 1877) NY05 - New York Revolutionary War Pension Lists of 1792-1795 OB01 - O'Brien, Michael J., "Irish Settlers in America;" Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.; 1979 PA01 - Myers, Paul W.; "Revolutionary War Veterans Who Settled in Butler County, Pennsylvania;" Closson Press; October 1985 PO01 - Powell, Charles S.; "Histories and Genealogies of the Powells in America;" 1935 PR01 - Prescott, William, M.D.; "The Prescott Memorial; or a Genealogical Memoir of the Prescott Families in America;" Henry W. Dutton & Son. 1870 RI01 - Genealogies of Rhode Island Families vol. 1, The Manchester family of Rhode Island, p. 686 RT01 - Ryegate Town History, History of Ryegate, Vermont; Edward Miller & Frederic P. Wells; Caledonian Company 1913. RW01 - freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jamesclan/jamesclan/f49.htm#f924 SA01 - Saratoga National Historic Park; "The collection of Edward A Hoyt;" (Consisting of copies of pension applications and notes derived from various sources. Other such sources will be identified when used). SA02 - Saratoga National Historic Park; A casualty list compiled by Battlefield employees from various sources stored in the archives at the park. As such sources are researched by Heritage Hunter volunteers, additional source references will be included. SA03 - Sanderson, Howard Kendall, compiler; "Lynn in the Revolution;" W. B. Clarke; (Boston, 1909) SA04 - National Society, Sons of the American Revolution; 1000 South Fourth Street | Louisville, Kentucky 40203-3208 SA05 - Saratoga National Historic Park; A set of microfilmed payroll records of Colonel Daniel Morgan's Rifle Corp., stored in the archives at the park. These records were just prior to or at the time of the battles. SA06 - Vital Records of Salisbury, Mass., (Topsfield, Mass., 1915) SA06 - Saratoga Sentinel 6 Sept 1825 SC01 - Scales, John; "Life of General Joseph Cilley;" Standard Book Co. (New Hampshire, 1921). SH01 - Herring, Stephen, Framingham Town Historian, excerpt from "History of Framingham MA" SM01 - Smith, Hezekiah; "Life, Journals, Letters and Addresses of the Rev. Hezekiah Smith, D.D., of Haverhill, Mass.;" American Baptist Publishing Co.; (Philadelphia 1885, edited by Reuben A. Guild) SN01 - Snell Charles, former Park Historian at the Saratoga National Historic Park; "A Report on the Organization and Numbers of Gate's Army, 19 Sep, 7 and 17 Oct 1777;" SQ01 - Squier, Ephraim; "Diary of Ephraim Squier;" Magazine of American History II; (1878) ST01 - Stackpoles, E. S.; "History of Durham, New Hampshire, Vol. 1;" (Durham, New Hampshire, 1913). ST02 - Stratton, Allen L.; "History, Town of Isle La Motte, Vermont;" (publ. 1984) ST03 - Stratton, Allen L.; "History, Town of Alburgh, Vermont;" (publ. 1986) ST04 - Stevens, Ebenezer; "Orderly Book of Major Ebenezer Stevens' Independant Battalion of Artillery, 1777;" New York Historical Society; (New York) ST05 - Stone, William L.; "Ballads and Poems Relating to the Burgoyne Campaign;" Joel Munsell's Sons; (Albany, NY 1893) ST07 - Van Wagener, Mrs. Avis Stearns; "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathanieel Stearns, and Their Descendants;" Courier Printing Co., Stracuse NY (1901) TE01 - Blood, Henry Ames; "History of Temple NH;" Rand and Avery; (Boston MA 1860) TH01 - Thompson, Alice Smith; "The Drake Family of New Hampshire;" New Hampshire Historical Society; (Concord, NH. 1962). TW01 - "The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans". 10 volumes. Edited by Rossiter Johnson. (Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904). US01 - Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army; Reprint by Genealogical Publ. Co.; (Baltimore, 1967 & 1973). Library of Congress Cat. Card #67-22180 US02 - United States Congress; Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; U. S. Government Printing Office, (Washington, DC, 1989) US03 - United States Congress; American Leaders, 1789 - 1994; Congressional Quartlerly publication, U. S. Government Printing Office, (Washington, DC) US04 - United States; Principal Officers of the Department of State and Chiefs of Mission; U. S. Government Printing Office, (Washington, DC, 1991) US05 - United States National Archives; Revolutionary War Pensions. US06 - United States Senate; Connecticut Pensioners of 1835, a U. S. Senate Report from the Secretary of War in Relation to the Pension Establishment of the U.S.; Duff Green, (Washington DC, 1835) US07 - United States National Archives; 10th Albany Militia Regiment. US08 - United States National Archives; Revolutionary War Service Records, Record Group 93 M24. VA01 - Virginia Revolutionary Pension Applications, John Frederick Dorman, Washington, DC, 1976 VT01 - Goodrich, John E., ed. "The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War 1775 to 1783." (Rutland, Vt.; Tuttle, 1904.) VT02 - Henry Hobart Vail & Emma Chanlder White, Ed., "Pomfret, Vermont," 1:494 WA01 - Walworth, Reuben Hyde; "Livingston Genealogy;" The Friends of Clermont, Inc., Moran Printing Co.; (Rhinebeck, NY, Mar 1982). WA02 - Walsworth, Mansfield Tracy; article in Historical Magazine of April 1869; publ. unkn. WA03 - Warren, Benjamin; "Diary of Captain Benjamin Warren on the Battlefield of Saratoga;" Journal of American History III; (1909) WE01 - Hodgeman, Rev. Edwin R.; "History of Westford Mass.;" 1883 WE02 - Boucher, John N. and Jordan, John W.; "History of Westmoreland Co., PA; (1906) WH01 - Whittier, Charles Collyer; "The Descendants of Thomas Whittier and Ruth Green of Salisbury & Haverhill, Massachusetts," (Rutland VT, 1937) WH02 - Various Mass. town and state records, as provided by Frank White, at email@example.com WI01 - Wild, Ebenezer; "Journal of Ebenezer Wild (1776 - 1781), Who Served as Corporal, Sergeant, Ensign and Lieutenant in the American Army of the Revolution;" Proceedings, Massachusetts Historical Society, second series VI, (1909) WI02 - Wilkinson, James; Memoirs of My Own Times; (Philadelphia, 1816) WI03 - "The Witherell/Wetherell/Witherill Family of New England" Witherell and Witherell, Gateway Press, (Baltimore, 1976) YA01 - Yale University; Yale and the Revolution - Yale and her Honor Roll in the American Revolution 1775 - 1783; (New York 1888) YO01 - Yost, Kenneth Carroll; John Yost, Private, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, Marion Co. Genealogy Club; (Fairmount W. Va 2010) Return to Index